Czech Republic

In 1938 production and possession (but not the consumption) of drugs became a punishable crime in Czechoslovakia. The law did not distinguish between different types of drugs. Until the Velvet Revolution (1989) the narcotics were only minor problem in the society. A law from 1992 stopped criminalization of drug possession for personal use. This has changed with a 1998 law when the "possession of more than a small amount of drugs" (the amount was not defined by the law) became criminal offence again. The limits were defined later for internal police use: for marijuana possession of less than about 20 grams was not a crime but the owner could be fined. Consumption was not punishable. Enforcement of the law was spotty and sometimes inconsistent.

Young people are the most frequent users of marijuana: a research from 2007 estimated that almost 30% of Czechs under 24 tried it. In 2007 the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic decided a case where it stated that mere cultivation of hemp should not be punishable unless production of drug is proven; a police officer from anti-drug unit said this decision is irrelevant for their work. As of 2007 several initiatives demand either decriminalization of marijuana or creating a more tolerated category of soft drugs. [34]